ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a chronic disease that can greatly affect the lives of those who have it and the people around them. Analysis of several studies reveals that ADHD is more prevalent among males compared to females. Normally, the capability to control symptoms such as impulsivity improves over time; however, not everyone suffering from the disorder has the ability to regulate it.
ADHD is fairly a controversial disorder as others assume it’s a brand that ‘over-medicalise’ normal or bad behavior, while some think it’s poorly diagnosed and they’re being punished for “bad behavior” when they should have been treated for the condition. Since ADHD tends to overlap normal behavior and a number of other disorders, it’s crucial that diagnosis is made after a complete in-depth assessment by a trained medical professional.
There are three vital features or symptoms that define ADHD – inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity – and the impact of each to a person’s manifestation with ADHD vary from patient to patient. In various patients, two or more symptoms manifest equally while in others only one symptom may dominate.
Different symptoms of ADHD can affect functioning and quality of life in numerous ways, so it’s imperative that each patient’s distinct symptomatic feature should be accurately evaluated.
Individuals who are inattentive may have difficulty in keeping their minds on a single thing and may easily get bored doing a task for a few minutes. If they like what they are doing, they usually have no trouble in focusing. However, focusing deliberately, conscious attention to completing a task or discovering something new is challenging.
For children with ADHD, homework is for the most part difficult for them. Sometimes they forget to write it down, to bring a book home or bring the wrong book. And if ever they finish the homework, it is filled with erasures and errors.
Hyperactivity is the unnecessary motor activity and may manifest in different ways depending on the age of the patient. Children manifest hyperactivity by getting up from his/her seat when asked to be seated, running or jumping around inappropriately, fidgeting or being too talkative and noisy. On the other hand, hyperactivity among adults is shown as inner feelings of severe restlessness and exhausting others with their activity.
People who have tendencies to be impulsive can be hasty, look impatient and don’t have the restraint in social gatherings. They tend to find it hard to wait, interfering with the activities of other people or bursting out answers to questions that hasn’t been completed.