Foot Care for Diabetes

If you have diabetes, taking care to stay as healthy as possible involves several steps. This includes eating a balanced diet, going for regular exams at your doctor’s office, monitoring your blood sugar levels, and making sure you get enough exercise. These are just some of the measures you should take to maintain a healthy lifestyle, and in reality there will other preventative methods to use. One area of focus should be your feet, as problems can arise if you do not maintain good foot care when you have diabetes. Here’s what you need to know, from our pedorthists offering Nanaimo custom orthotics.

Watch what you do with your legs and feet

You should take care to avoid crossing your legs or standing in one spot for longer than necessary. This is good advice for anyone trying to stay active, but it is especially important for those who have diabetes. You should also keep your bare feet off of sand beaches and hot pavement. Hot water bottles, heating pads, and electric blankets should also be avoided.

And to dry your feet after a shower or time in the pool, make sure to dry your feet thoroughly, paying extra attention to the area between your toes. This is an important step for preventing infections can developing as a result of moisture.

Get the right shoes

Do not purchase tight shoes–make sure to especially have extra room in the toe area. The best solution is to wear shoes that can be adjusted in their tightness with velcro, laces, or buckles. The material that your shoes are made of should also be breathable, so leather, suede, and canvas are preferable. While it is tempting to wear more trendy shoes that offer little support or coverage–including flip-flops, high heels, open-toe shoes, and pointed-toe shoes–you would also be best off to avoid them.

Nerve damage on your feet is a concern that you can address by being conscientious as well. For those times that you do have to be on your feet wearing your shoes for more than five hours at a time, try changing shoes or giving them an escape from your shoes for a while.

If you notice tears or other issues on the inside of your shoes over time, you should be aware of the possibility that your shoes could cause irritation or pressure to build up on your feet. Talk to your doctor to see about getting better shoes and custom foot orthotics Nanaimo.

Five Most Common Eye Problems

There are multiple types of eye problems, some which people commonly develop when they young and others which are more likely to occur later in life. Some problems can be avoided, while others come about due to genetics. Here are the 5 most common eye problems, from our optometrist in New Westminister & Burnaby.

#1: Refractive errors

This is said to be the most common problem that can develop in one’s vision. There are three causes of this type of concern. One of these is that your lens gets weaker as you age. A second cause is a change to the shape of your cornea. Lastly, refractive errors can come about due to you eyeball becoming longer or shorter in length. The ultimate result of this type of problem may be nearsightedness, astigmatism, farsightedness, and presbyopia, this last type typically only occurring to people who are aged 40 or older.

#2: Glaucoma

This condition can lead to optic nerve damage and its onset can occur in association with diabetes and with the aging process. Increased intraocular pressure occurs within this condition, because old fluids become blocked from draining out of the eye.

#3: Cataracts

With the most severe of this condition typically occurring in people aged 50 and older, the biggest concern here is the interference of your vision. Either protein deterioration or a past injury could be the cause of its onset. Though it can ultimately cause blindness, there is good news in that a cure through surgery is available through our optometrist in New Westminister.

#4: Macular degeneration

The macula is the portion of the retina that is used to perceive lights. Damage to this part can lead to blindness. The possible causes for it include there being too much deterioration or pressure put on one or both of the eyes. There is sadly no known cure for this condition, though treatments are available to slow down its progression.

#5: Diabetic retinopathy

Several types of this condition exist. One of the most common of these is the one in which the tiny vessels in the eye become blocked or ruptured. This can cause several issues including intraocular bleeding. As the name of this condition implies, it occurs only to people who have type 1 or 2 diabetes. The high blood sugar and high blood pressure that come along with diabetes can potentially cause this damage to several structures to the eyes to occur.